Bussmann, I., Brix, H., Esposito, M., Friedrich, M., & Fischer, P. (2020): The MOSES Sternfahrt Expeditions of the Research Vessels LITTORINA, LUDWIG PRANDTL, MYA II, UTHÖRN to the inner German Bight in 2019. Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschung = Reports on polar and marine research, Bremerhaven, Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, 741, 68 p., doi:10.2312/BzPM_0741_2020
In 2019, three cruises were carried out within the framework of MOSES as test campaigns with the research vessels Littorina, Ludwig Prandtl, Mya II and Uthörn in order to rehearse a simulated extreme case. For our cruises we applied the term „Sternfahrt“, as a cruise, which leads from different starting points (Cuxhaven and Büsum) to the same destination (Helgoland). The three ships of GEOMAR, AWI and the HZG are to be used in the future during high or low water events to collect samples and take real-time data during extreme events and to make them available, e.g. for modelling possible environmental scenarios and effects of the extreme events. The three test campaigns Sternfahrt 1, 2 and 3 were three exercises in the Elbe estuary which were intended to optimize the coordination and determine the course of the MOSES cruises. In the event of an imminent extreme flood event in the Elbe, the research team would have a relatively short lead time of about one week to prepare their ships with the measuring instruments, organize the response team and encounter the tidal wave when it arrives in the North Sea.